Thursday, October 17, 2013
Keeping Time in Fiction ... by Susan Oleksiw
In Last Call for Justice: A Mellingham Mystery, Chief Joe Silva attends a family reunion during which events bring to light questions surrounding a supposed accident many years earlier. This is compounded during the family reunion by another assault. Joe is working both forward and backwards in time to solve two crimes.
I set up two timelines when I start working on this editing phase. The first timeline covers the activities of the protagonist in the present, from the opening of the story in chapter one to the end, when the sleuth identifies and confronts or captures the killer. This timeline keeps me from having four chapters take place in one ten-day week, or three fifty-hour days. It forces me to keep time realistic. It also helps me keep track of seasons. If I am using the natural world to set the time for actions, such as spring rains or fall foliage, I want to match seasonal references with the appropriate passage of time. For example, if I mention early fruits in one chapter, and refer to something happening a month later, I can refer to June strawberries in chapter 10 and garden snails and zinnias in July several chapters later.
The format is simple. I draw a horizontal line across a page. Across the top I note the months/years of the action and below I note the action or discovery that I want to track through the story. If I find, for example, that I’ve been unclear or confusing as to when the protagonist first met a witness, I note the contradictory times and pick the one that works best for the story. I note the page references for making the necessary corrections.
The second timeline is for the story the sleuth uncovers. Solving a mystery involves working backwards and putting together puzzle pieces that don’t come in chronological order. I block out the relevant time references for the sleuth’s discoveries until she puts together all the puzzle pieces and sees the entire story of the crime.
A timeline presented as a visual diagram helps me see if I’ve put too much action in too short a space, accidentally put one character in two places at once, or created a scenario impossible for anyone but superman to achieve.
In a short story that will soon appear in Alfred Hitchcock Mystery Magazine, “Francetta Repays Her Debt to Society,” a young woman is confronted with an unwelcoming world in her first days after getting out of prison. I created a vertical timeline for this story, noting each block of half a day, for example, and what she managed to do in that time. I wanted to be confident that she could do all that I had her do.
Writers present their stories in time in different ways. Dashiell Hammett’s story line is linear in The Maltese Falcon, with bits and pieces of the past emerging as the story forges ahead.
In contrast but equally exact in her timing is Kate Atkinson in When Will There Be Good News? I was surprised to realize at the end of the book that the entire story takes place in only three or four days. An enormous amount happens, but it is all timed perfectly. But in this instance, the story emerges like a series of ribbons folded into a giant bow, looping and twisting together.
Susan Oleksiw is the author of the Mellingham series featuring Chief of Police Joe Silva (Murder in Mellingham and five other titles are available as eBooks). She also writes the Anita Ray series featuring Indian American photographer Anita Ray, who has appeared in two books, Under the Eye of Kali (2010) and The Wrath of Shiva (2012). Susan compiled A Reader’s Guide to the Classic British Mystery (1988), and was consulting editor for The Oxford Companion to Crime and Mystery Writing (1999). The third installment in the Anita Ray series, For the Love of Parvati, will be published by FiveStar/Gale, Cengage in 2014.
To learn more about Susan and her novels, visit her website and blog.